Students used a variety of techniques including scorching, staining, wire-brushing, fuming and steam-bending to reveal the texture of the soft-grained timber or change its colour or shape.
Scorching is a technique used to char the surface of the wood, turning it a charcoal black colour. The technique was originally used in Japan to make wood weather-proof. Today it is widely used both for practical and aesthetic purposes.
Wood staining is a technique used to colour wood. Wood stain is often referred to as either ‘transparent’ or ‘solid’ depending on its opaqueness. Pigments and/or dye is used to colour the wood, and different types of wood will absorb different types of stain, depending on the grain of the wood.
Using a steambox, pieces of wood are heated up and bent into desired shape. The moisture and heat from the steam makes the wood flexible and it can then easily be moulded.
Ebonising is a process of darkening wood, giving it a dark-brown look similar to that of ebony. The technique uses iron dissolved in vinegar, the ferric acetate creating a reaction with the tannin of the wood.
Woodturning is a technique used to create a symmetrical shape around the wood’s axis of rotation. This is done using a wood lathe, a spinning tool, and cutting the wood with hand-held tools.