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Students used a variety of techniques including scorching, staining, wire-brushing, fuming and steam-bending to reveal the texture of the soft-grained timber or change its colour or shape.





Scorching is a technique used to char the surface of the wood, turning it a charcoal black colour. The technique was originally used in Japan to make wood weather-proof. Today it is widely used both for practical and aesthetic purposes.



Wood staining is a technique used to colour wood. Wood stain is often referred to as either ‘transparent’ or ‘solid’ depending on its opaqueness. Pigments and/or dye is used to colour the wood, and different types of wood will absorb different types of stain, depending on the grain of the wood.   


Steam bending

Using a steambox, pieces of wood are heated up and bent into desired shape. The moisture and heat from the steam makes the wood flexible and it can then easily be moulded.

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Ebonising is a process of darkening wood, giving it a dark-brown look similar to that of ebony. The technique uses iron dissolved in vinegar, the ferric acetate creating a reaction with the tannin of the wood.



Woodturning is a technique used to create a symmetrical shape around the wood’s axis of rotation. This is done using a wood lathe, a spinning tool, and cutting the wood with hand-held tools.



A technique where a wire brush is used on the surface of the wood, leaving it with a more textured finish.