Telling the whole story: The environmental life cycle of American hardwoods

All products have an impact on the environment and this impact can occur at any time during the manufacture, usage or at end of life. All these stages are collectively called a life cycle. Products have impacts from material extraction and transport; processing, manufacture, distribution and installation; maintenance and refurbishment; to eventual end of life and disposal. The measurement of this impact is called Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).

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