The Cando range in American gum by German manufacturer Hartmann Beelen is a stunning example of excellent design and craftsmanship.
The sapwood of American gum tends to be wide and is white to light pink, while the heartwood is reddish brown, often with darker streaks. The wood has irregular grain, usually interlocked, which produces an attractive grain figure. It has a fine uniform texture.
Other Common names
Redgum, sapgum, sweetgum
Distribution & Availability
The gums are an important part of the Eastern hardwood forests, and are found throughout the South Eastern USA. Excellent availability as lumber and veneer in a wide range of grades and specifications. When sorted for colour, redgum (majority heartwood) is more limited in its availability.
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Physical & Mechanical Properties
American gum is moderately hard, stiff and heavy and has a low steam bending classification.
American gum - Physical & Mechanical Properties
|Specific Gravity (12% M.C.):||0.52|
|Average Weight (12% M.C.):||545 kg/m3|
|Average Volume Shrinkage (Green to 6% M.C.):||12%|
|Modulus of Rupture:||86.188 MPa|
|Modulus of Elasticity:||11,308 MPa|
|Compressive strength (parallel to grain): ||43.576 MPa|
The wood is easy to work, with both hand and machine tools. It nails, screws and glues well, takes stain easily and can be sanded and polished to an excellent finish. It dries rapidly with a strong tendency to warp and twist. It has a large shrinkage, and is liable to movement in performance.
American gum - Working Properties
Cabinet making, furniture parts, doors, internal joinery, strips and mouldings. Used in some export markets with stained finishes as a walnut or mahogany substitute.
American gum - Main Uses
|Mouldings and |
Lumber is often sold as sapgum and no colour specification is required. According to the NHLA grading standards, when sold as redgum, each clear cutting is required to have one red (heartwood) face.
Select your species
- American alder
- American ash
- American aspen
- American basswood
- American beech
- American yellow birch
- American cherry
- American cottonwood
- American elm
- American gum
- American hackberry
- American hickory & pecan
- American hard maple
- American soft maple
- American red oak
- American white oak
- American sycamore
- American tulipwood
- American walnut
- American willow
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