Red elm has a greyish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in colour. The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked. The wood has a coarse texture.
Other Common names
Slippery elm, brown elm, grey elm
Distribution & Availability
The Eastern to Midwest USA. Limited availability in both lumber and veneer, due to the impact of Dutch elm disease. Elm is now regenerating better in some regions and is still exported, but in relatively small volumes, therefore some grade qualities and specifications may be limited.
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Physical & Mechanical Properties
Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.
American elm - Physical & Mechanical Properties
|Specific Gravity (12% M.C.):||0.53|
|Average Weight (12% M.C.):||593 kg/m3|
|Average Volume Shrinkage (Green to 6% M.C.):||11%|
|Modulus of Rupture:||89.635 MPa|
|Modulus of Elasticity:||10,274 MPa|
|Compressive strength (parallel to grain): ||43.852 MPa|
The wood of red elm is fairly easy to work; it nails, screws and glues well and can be sanded, stained and polished to a good finish. It dries well with minimal degrade and little movement in performance.
American elm - Working Properties
Furniture, cabinet making, flooring, internal joinery and panelling.
American elm - Main Uses
|Mouldings and |
Bird pecks are a natural characteristic in all the elm species and are not considered a defect when grading lumber to the NHLA standard.
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- American alder
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- American basswood
- American beech
- American yellow birch
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- American elm
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- American hackberry
- American hickory & pecan
- American hard maple
- American soft maple
- American red oak
- American white oak
- American sycamore
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