The sapwood of basswood is usually quite large and creamy white in colour, merging into the heartwood, which is pale to reddish brown, sometimes with darker streaks. The wood has a fine uniform texture and indistinct grain that is straight.
Other Common names
Linden, American whitewood, American linn
Distribution & Availability
Eastern USA, principally the Northern and Lake States, where there is reasonable availability as lumber and veneer. Lumber is produced in a range of thicknesses, specifications and grades, although volumes may be limited.
From the Image Library
Physical & Mechanical Properties
The wood is light and soft with generally low strength properties and a poor steam bending classification.
American basswood - Physical & Mechanical Properties
|Specific Gravity (12% M.C.):||0.37|
|Average Weight (12% M.C.):||417 kg/m3|
|Average Volume Shrinkage (Green to 6% M.C.):||12.60%|
|Modulus of Rupture:||59.987 MPa|
|Modulus of Elasticity:||10,067 MPa|
|Compressive strength (parallel to grain): ||32.613 MPa|
Basswood machines well and is easy to work with hand tools making it a premier carving wood. It nails, screws, and glues fairly well and can be sanded, stained, and polished to a good smooth finish. It dries fairly rapidly with little distortion or degrade. It has a fairly large shrinkage but good dimensional stability when dry.
American basswood - Working Properties
Carving, turning, furniture, pattern-making, mouldings, interior joinery and musical instruments. An important specialised use is Venetian blinds or internal window shutters.
American basswood - Main Uses
|Mouldings and |
Often produced in 9/4 (57.15mm) thickness for venetian blinds. Pin knots and light brown mineral streaks are a natural characteristic and not considered a defect.
Select your species
- American alder
- American ash
- American aspen
- American basswood
- American beech
- American yellow birch
- American cherry
- American cottonwood
- American elm
- American gum
- American hackberry
- American hickory & pecan
- American hard maple
- American soft maple
- American red oak
- American white oak
- American sycamore
- American tulipwood
- American walnut
- American willow
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